# SBAC California Professional Development

In comparison to the California Standards Test (CST), the SBAC presents a wider variety of challenges for students and educators to overcome. In order to address the unique CAASPP/SBAC stressors, it is vital that teachers are able to recognize the Strategic Thinking skills required within any assessment question and clearly articulate them to their students. This is why we’ve created a path to SBAC success with our “Countdown to the SBAC” program.

In this article, we’ll dive deeper into what makes the SBAC particularly challenging and how we train educators to navigate these difficulties.

## The Unique SBAC Challenges in California

The California Standards Test (CST) was replaced by the CAASPP in 2013. The CST showed a steady increase in student performance for over a decade while the SBAC California results from the 2021-2022 school year are still lagging behind: only 47.06% of students in California met or exceeded the standard for ELA and 22.38% of students met or exceeded the standards for Math. **The main reason for this is that the SBAC contains more cognitive stressors than the CST.** In addition to *content mastery* and *vocabulary* students must prepare for, the SBAC introduces more *enhanced tech types* and higher levels of *Strategic Thinking* which offer more space for simple mistakes even when students understand the content on the exam.

## Addressing the CAASPP Math Cognitive Stressors

Now that we’ve established how the SBAC is more challenging for students, let’s discuss how educators and administrators can equip students with the right tools to master this test.

The **3 keys to SBAC improvement** are:

First, it is vital that teachers understand how to identify the *types of strategic thinking* in each assessment problem and the common mistakes that students make on the different tech-enhanced question types.

Then, educators must be able to modify their lessons to address the SBAC question types and Strategic Thinking within their daily and weekly curriculum. For this, it’s important that educators know what types of Strategic Thinking best connect to the topics they are currently teaching so they can apply them to their instruction.

Finally, educators need to be able to analyze data to determine which skills students are proficient in and which they still need help with. The ability to be able to clearly and quickly identify if students have a content problem, or if their struggle is related to tech or Strategic Thinking, is a game-changer for SBAC practice.

## SBAC California: Century Community Charter School

In our Countdown to the SBAC training at Century Community Charter School, we first walked through the different types of Strategic Thinking including Visual and Situational Analysis, Graphing and Item Interaction, and Recognizing Operations.

Next, we took educators through a breakdown of real data that demonstrated the common mistakes students make on SBAC question types like checkboxes, hotspots, and free texts.

Then, we analyzed actual SBAC test-released questions by identifying the type of thinking found in each question and suggested personalized strategies to target these kinds of questions in ongoing instruction.

SBAC Question Analysis #1

An example of how we do this in our training is by breaking down the following assessment question by the *type of content* students must understand, the *type of tech* that is being used, and the *kinds of strategic thinking* needed to effectively answer the question.

**Content:**The problem above requires students to find the percentage of a number. Here, they specifically need to clearly understand how to find 20 percent of 50.**Tech:**This is a checkbox question. Students commonly miss this question because when they see a checkbox question they answer it like a multiple-choice question – and only select*one*right answer.**Strategic Thinking:**The question above requires*Situational Analysis*because it offers students*multiple*options for the answer. The best strategy to teach students here is to try each option separately from one another, and – even once they’ve found one answer that works – they must continue down the options and try each one. On the previous California Standards Test, Situational Analysis was never required: the test would directly ask “What is 20% of 50?”.

The most common reason students miss this question is that they aren’t familiar with the tech type and they don’t understand the Strategic Thinking needed. When teachers get the data back from the SBAC and students missed this question, the common assumption is that students need more training on percentages – when in fact, many know the content. What they actually need is more help understanding the Strategic Thinking so they better grasp what is being asked of them.

### SBAC Question Analysis #2

Next, we evaluate actual SBAC-released test questions to identify the kind of Strategic Thinking that is needed to solve the problem successfully. In the example above, the question does not require Situational Analysis because students are not given choices for the answer. It’s also not Algebraic Thinking as students are not being asked to find a value that is missing. The Strategic Thinking needed for this question is:

**Recognizing Operations:**This problem requires students to know what to do with the numbers provided: should they multiply, divide, add, subtract, and in what order?**Conditional**: Students must enter the*fewest*number of workdays. When students are given criteria for the answer**,**it is a conditional thinking question.**Comparison:**Comparison thinking would be helpful for this question as well but it is considered*secondary thinking*because it doesn’t require it (but would help you to answer this question).

The SBAC is a monster of an exam and our ultimate goal is to equip students, teachers, and administrators with the right weapons to fight it. The most important weapons needed are quick, real-time data analysis and a deep understanding of strategic thinking. **If teachers don’t focus on incorporating these aspects into their ongoing instruction and only rely on textbooks, SBAC scores will continue to remain the same. **

Learn more about how to provide your students with the tools to conquer SBAC Math with our “Countdown to the SBAC” program for California school districts:

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